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“Our goal must be a world in which good health is a pillar of individual well-being, national progress, and international stability and peace. This cannot be achieved without partnerships involving governments, international organizations, the business community, and civil society.”

— Kofi A. Annan, ex-Secretary-General of the United Nations

Rewarding Excellence, Encouraging Leadership... » The Abraham Horwitz Award for Leadership in Inter-American Health 

Dr. Roberto Caldeyro-Barcia of Uruguay received the 1984 Abraham Horwitz Award in Inter-American Health for his pioneering work in the development of perinatal medicine.

Left to right: Dr. Roberto Caldeyro-Barcia, 1984 winner of the Abraham Horwitz Award in Inter-American Health. Dr. Carlyle Guerra de Macedo, PAHO Director (1983-1995). Unidentified

Dr. Roberto Caldeyro-Barcia graduated with a degree in medicine from the University of Uruguay's School of Medicine in December 1947. That same year and in concert with Prof. Hermogenes Alvarez, he developed a tracing system to monitor intrauterine amniotic pressure during pregnancy and labor thereby making it possible to analyze and define uterine contractility and to measure the intensity and frequency of contractions and the uterine tone.

Before he received his medical degree, Dr. Caldeyro-Barcia was already teaching physiology at the School of Medicine in Montevideo where he was an instructor of physiology from 1942 to 1947. Upon graduation from medical school, he was promoted to Assistant Professor of Physiology and shortly thereafter he moved up to be Associate Professor of Physiology. By 1959, Dr. Caldeyro became the Head of the Department of Obstetrical Physiology. He rose to become the Chairman of the Physiology Department where he served until 1965.

Dr. Caldeyro-Barcia and Prof. Hermogenes Alvarez also established a method to measure the effect of the uterine contractions on fetal heart rate forming the basis for fetal monitoring during labour. Monitoring helps prevent any neurological damage resulting from a lack of oxygen.

In 1970, Dr. Caldeyro-Barcia was appointed as the first director of the Latin American Center of Perinatology (CLAP) that was created by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). CLAP became a training and reference center for physicians throughout Latin America and the world in perinataology.

Eight years after receiving the Horwitz Award, Dr. Caldyro-Barcia and colleagues from Germany and Japan (Drs. Erich Saling and Shouichi Sakamoto respectively) founded the World Association of Perinatal Medicine.

In addition to the Horwitz Award, he received more than 300 other awards, such as the Gold Medal of Instituto Dexeus (Barcelona).

Dr. Caldeyro-Barcia has published two books, more than 300 papers of original research, 15 chapters for monographic books, and 5 chapters for internationally recognized text books.